If the legal description is not proper, a whole lot of trouble could ensue:
Tax Lot Number
County Tax Lot Number - Property within a given county is assigned a County Tax Lot Number by the County Assessor. This is utilized as a back-up in providing a legal description for residences within the State. If no other description is available, the Tax Lot Number can be used. The problem with Tax Lot Numbers is that the numbers change from time-to-time within the Assessor's Office.
Escrow - When transferring title from the seller to the buyer, if escrow is forced to use the Tax Lot Number the deed must show:
Required Information - Tax Lot Number, year of tax book, and volume and page number of tax book.
Metes & Bounds
When a legal description uses " Metes and Bounds," it describes a parcel (property) by distances and directions, angles and terminal points from a known starting point or monument. "Metes and Bounds" is the short name for Measurements and Boundaries.
Oldest Form - Metes and Bounds is the oldest form of a legal description. The key to using "terminal points, angles, distances and directions" is to know the starting point for metes (measurement). The starting point is usually a monument. It could be a pile of rocks, a rod in the ground, a metal plate marker, etc. Measurement always starts from an acknowledged monument.
Monument: Permanent point of future reference. Measurement of the boundaries would begin from that point.
Tangible Monument - It usually is a tangible (touchable) item as mentioned above.
All of the following are commonly used methods of legally describing the location of property EXCEPT:
A) the allodial system
B) metes and bounds descriptions
C) tax lot numbers
D) lot and block description
The legal description method that uses angles, terminal points, and established lines is the:
A) government survey
B) metes and bounds description
C) lot and block survey
D) rectangular survey
A monument is:
A) always the beginning
B) a landmark established as a permanent point of reference for a survey
C) Tangible and or Intangible
D) all of the above
To indicate the edge of a water course, a surveyor would likely use:
B) floating markers
C) a meander line
D) a fishing line
The "True Point of Beginning" is:
A) always the starting Point
B) never the starting Point
C) the first corner of a parcel to be measured under the metes and bounds system
D) always called a monument
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The study of system of rules which a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and which it may enforce by the imposition of penalties.