Target Audience: Retail and health-system pharmacists
Activity Type: Application
Release Date: April 15, 2019
Expiration Date: May 15, 2020
Estimated Time to Complete Activity: 3.0 hours
OVERVIEW OF INFLUENZA
Influenza (also commonly called the flu) is an acute, contagious upper respiratory tract illness caused by influenza viruses A, B, or C that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can range from a mild illness that does not require extensive medical care to a severe illness that requires hospitalization and can lead to death. In the United States, the highest rates of influenza illness occur during the fall and winter (October to May), and it typically peaks in February.
Which of the following patients has an increased risk of inuenza complications?
A) A 12-year-old adolescent boy who periodically takes an intranasal corticosteroid for allergic rhinitis
B) A 35-year-old female oce worker who is attempting to become pregnant
C) A 43-year-old man who has diabetes, but is otherwise healthy
D) A 55-year-old man who is overweight and works as a long-distance trucker
Which of the following is true regarding the use of baloxavir with OTC antacids containing calcium?
A) Using an OTC antacid is appropriate as baloxavir does not have any drug interactions.
B) OTC antacids increase the exposure of baloxavir, which may improve its ecacy to treat inuenza.
C) The use of an OTC antacid with baloxavir should be avoided because baloxavir may substantially reduce exposure of the antacid.
D) The use of an OTC antacid with baloxavir should be avoided because the antacid may reduce the ecacy of baloxavir
Which of the following statements about the role of pharmacists in managing seasonal influenza is most accurate?
A) Pharmacists should take a leadership role in reducing the rampant overuse of anti-influenza antiviral drugs that has been recently documented in the United States.
B) Pharmacists do not have an important role in diagnosing seasonal influenza because laboratory testing for influenza must be conducted by a hospital laboratory.
C) Pharmacists should recommend all individuals receive the influenza vaccine annually regardless of age. The ACIP recommends the inactivated influenza vaccine preferentially.
D) Pharmacists should recommend point-of-care influenza testing when applicable and educate patients on the importance of starting treatment as quickly as possible after symptom onset.
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