Name: European Mantis (Mantis religiosa)
Other names: praying mantis
Conservation Status: Least Concern (LE)
Description: A large hemimetabolic insect in the family of the Mantidae ('mantids'), which is the largest family of the order Mantodea (mantises). Even though female Mantis religiosa are usually larger and heavier than male individuals (7–9 cm versus 6–7 cm), the antennae and the eyes of male animals outsize these of the females. Along with the forward directed compound eyes there are also simple eyes to be found on the head. These three dorsal ocelli are also more pronounced in males than in females. Females are brown and males are green.
Distribution: M. religiosa can be found in Southern Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and North America. There are two confirmed stable populations in Germany: one in Rhineland-Palatinate and one in Baden-Württemberg. In the last years there were more and more reports of the distribution of the animals in Northern Europe as well. Despite being an introduced species, it is the official state insect of Connecticut.
Reproduction: In M. religiosa, courtship and mating are separated into two steps: preliminary courtship and copulation. The preliminary courtship begins with the first visual contact between the animals and ends with the first physical contact. Copulation begins with physical contact and ends when the spermatophore is deposited. The female cannibalizes the male after mating.
Dymadex's blogs on bugs, including insects and arachnids. Insects are hexapod invertebrates like ants, beetles, bees, and flies. Arachnids are joint-legged invertebrates like spiders, scorpions, ticks, and harvestmen. Other organisms in this blog include centipede, millipede, and worms.
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